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Online Journal of Veterinary Research©
(Including Medical and Laboratory Research)
26 (12): 815-919, 2022.
Prevalence of dental lesions in pups and older dogs.
Moosa Javdani1, Navid Ziaei2
1Department of Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Razi University, Kermanshah, 67156-85414, Iran. 2 Islamic Azad University, Yasuj branch, Yasuj.
Javdani M, Ziaei N., Prevalence of dental lesions in pups and older dogs, Onl J Vet Res., 26 (12): 815-919, 2022. We determined prevalence of dental abnormalities in pet dogs aged 3-6 months (n=21) dogs), 6-12 (n=30), 12-24 (n=44) and 24-60 months (20 dogs). In 3-6 month pups we found 29% with dental plaque, 33% with periodontal disease, none with persistent teeth, 19% with tooth malocclusion, 0% with teeth spots and cavities 0 and 5% with tooth fractures 5%. In 6-12 month old dogs these values were 33.3, 43, 7, 17, 10 and 10%, in 12-24 month old 55, 61, 0, 11 and 9% and in 24 to 60 month old 75, 80, 0, 15, 70 and 25%, respectively. We find that plaque, periodontal disease and malocclusion occurs even in 3-6 month puppies, but prevalence of periodontal disease was high in all ages. From 2 years age, gingival and periodontal disease, plaques, caries and cavities increased (P ≤ 0.05). However, prevalence of dental fractures and malocclusion at any ages did not differ (P > 0.05).
Key words: pet dog, dental problems, periodontal, plaques, fractures.