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Online Journal of Veterinary Research

(Including Medical and Laboratory Research)

Established 1994

ISSN 1328-925X

Volume 27 (12):670-673, 2023.

Removal of Schistosomus reflexus via vaginal manipulation in a cow.


Soroush Sabiza DVM DVSC, Ahmad Khajeh DVM DVSC, Hadi Naddaf DVM DVSC.


Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Iran.




Sabiza S, Khajeh A, Naddaf H., Removal of Schistosomus reflexus via vaginal manipulation in a cow., Onl J Vet Res., 27 (12):670-673, 2023. A 2 year full term pregnant heifer presented with labor and amniotic sac rupture for ~12h. Rectal temperature was 38.9⁰C, heart 72/min and respiratory rate 27/min with pale mucus membranes. Blood tests were normal and Rose Bengal agglutination test, negative. Normal dilation of cervix and vaginal examination revealed a wet inflamed birth canal. Both forelimbs and hind limbs were in birth canal but head was not. Protrusion of a hind limb and tail suggested posterior fetal dorso-sacral position. We found cervical dilatation sufficient to deliver fetus and hence lubricated birth passage profusely with obstetric gel. To remove fetus, we applied traction on the hind limbs whilst pushing forelimbs cranially into abdominal cavity. Fetus was delivered with fetal membranes and viscera. In this manner, the dead monster fetus was delivered via vagina without epidural anesthesia, fetotomy, episiotomy or cervicotomy.


Key word: Per-vaginal, Schistosomus reflexus, cow.