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OJVRTM

Online Journal of Veterinary Research

Volume 23 (5):363-375, 2019.


Serum cortisol, histology, adiposity and morphometrics of rabbit adrenals excised in summer versus winter.

 

Amer M Hussin1 and Mudhafar K Hashim2

 

1University College of Belad Al-Rafidain- Diyala, 2College of Veterinary Medicine- Baghdad University, Iraq

ABSTRACT

 

Hussin AM, Hashim MK., Serum cortisol, histology, adiposity and morphometrics of rabbit adrenals excised in summer and winter, Onl J Vet Res., 23 (5):363-375, 2019. Iraq suffers extreme seasonal variations with summer temperatures reaching ~47C and winter ~0C. We determined differences in adrenal histology, white and brown fat and blood cortisol in groups of 12 rabbits kept at ambient average summer temperatures of (August ~39C) versus winter (January ~0C). By oculometry we determined that adrenal capsules excised during winter, were ~39% (m) and Zona glomerulosa (m) ~58% thinner (P < 0.05) but Zona fasciculata ~39% and medulla ~15% thicker (P < 0.05). Serum cortisol (n=12) was ~55% lower (P < 0.05) in rabbits during winter. Adipose tissue in adrenals was about 50% less in winter samples but with more brown fat and mitochondria.

 

Key words: Adrenal, histology, adipose tissue, cortisol, seasonal, Raw data provided.


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