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OJVRTM

 

Online Journal of Veterinary Research

(Including Medical and Laboratory Research)

Established 1994

ISSN 1328-925X

 

Volume 28(5): 256-262, 2024.


Dose dependent effects of ethanol on brain, pancreas and hematology in quails.

 

 Bashir M, Javed MT

 

Department of Veterinary Pathology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad-38040, Pakistan 

 

ABSTRACT

 

Bashir M, Javed MT., Dose dependent effects of ethanol on brain, pancreas and hematology in quails, Onl J Vet Res., Volume 28(5): 256-262, 2024. Ethanol has been given to broilers for growth promotion or mild respiratory disease. Four groups of twenty eight 39 day old quails were acclimatized 4 days and given 2, 4, 8 and 16% alcohol in drinking water daily for 28 days. One group not given alcohol served as controls. Six birds from each group were slaughtered weekly for 4 weeks for blood and organ samples. Brain and pancreas were excised and weighed and brain volumes determined. Birds given ethanol exhibited dullness, depression and staggering gait with more severe symptoms at 8-16%. Compared with controls, body weight declined (P < 0.05) 15-38%, brain weight 10-13% and brain volume 40-52%. Erythrocytes and packed cell volumes increased (P < 0.05) ~65-68%, hemoglobin 34-41%, leucocytes 58-69%, sedimentation rates 58-63% and pancreas weight 24-36%, whereas sodium declined (P < 0.05) 58-63% and potassium 41-49% Even though results show that daily oral ethanol had profound effects on quail behavior, hematology, brain and serum electrolytes, by microscopy we found no lesions in any tissue.

 

KEY WORDS: Ethanol, quails, Na+, K+, brain, pancreas, hematology.


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