2023-2035 All Rights Reserved. Online Journal of Veterinary Research. You may not store these pages in any form except for your own personal use. All other usage or distribution is illegal under international copyright treaties. Permission to use any of these pages in any other way besides the before mentioned must be gained in writing from the publisher. This article is exclusively copyrighted in its entirety to onlinejournals@gmail.com publications.. This article may be copied once but may not be, reproduced or re-transmitted without the express permission of the editors. Linking: To link to this page or any pages linking to this page you must link directly to this page only here rather than put up your own page.



Online Journal of Veterinary Research

(Including Medical and Laboratory Research)

Established 1994

ISSN 1328-925X


Volume 28(5): 256-262, 2024.

Dose dependent effects of ethanol on brain, pancreas and hematology in quails.


 Bashir M, Javed MT


Department of Veterinary Pathology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad-38040, Pakistan 




Bashir M, Javed MT., Dose dependent effects of ethanol on brain, pancreas and hematology in quails, Onl J Vet Res., Volume 28(5): 256-262, 2024. Ethanol has been given to broilers for growth promotion or mild respiratory disease. Four groups of twenty eight 39 day old quails were acclimatized 4 days and given 2, 4, 8 and 16% alcohol in drinking water daily for 28 days. One group not given alcohol served as controls. Six birds from each group were slaughtered weekly for 4 weeks for blood and organ samples. Brain and pancreas were excised and weighed and brain volumes determined. Birds given ethanol exhibited dullness, depression and staggering gait with more severe symptoms at 8-16%. Compared with controls, body weight declined (P < 0.05) 15-38%, brain weight 10-13% and brain volume 40-52%. Erythrocytes and packed cell volumes increased (P < 0.05) ~65-68%, hemoglobin 34-41%, leucocytes 58-69%, sedimentation rates 58-63% and pancreas weight 24-36%, whereas sodium declined (P < 0.05) 58-63% and potassium 41-49% Even though results show that daily oral ethanol had profound effects on quail behavior, hematology, brain and serum electrolytes, by microscopy we found no lesions in any tissue.


KEY WORDS: Ethanol, quails, Na+, K+, brain, pancreas, hematology.