1994-2020. All Rights Reserved. Online Journal of Veterinary Research. You may not store these pages in any form except for your own personal use. All other usage or distribution is illegal under international copyright treaties. Permission to use any of these pages in any other way besides the before mentioned must be gained in writing from the publisher. This article is exclusively copyrighted in its entirety to OJVR publications. This article may be copied once but may not be, reproduced or re-transmitted without the express permission of the editors.



Online Journal of Veterinary Research

Volume 23 (3):170-177, 2019.

Prevalence of Plasmodium relictum in pigeons detected by PCR.


Haider Mohammed Ali Al-Rubaie, Eman Abd-Allah Qazaz, Alaa Kamil Mahmood.


Department of Parasitology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bagdad, Baghdad, Iraq.




Ali Al-Rubaie HM, Abd-Allah Qazaz E, Mahmood AK., Prevalence of Plasmodium relictum in pigeons detected by PCR, Onl J Vet Res., 23 (3):170-177, 2019. Thirteen male and 15 female adult domesticated pigeons (Columba livia domestica) were tested by PCR for Plasmodium relictum in Baghdad, Iraq from 1/1/2018 to 1/5/2018. Infection rate was ~14.3% (4/28) with 23% (3/13) in males and 6.7% (1/15) in females. Under NCBI accession number MK 185101 version MK 185101.1 phylogenetic tree we identified Plasmodium relictum to be 100% compatible with isolates from Russia, Lithuania, South Africa and China and 96 % to 99% with others. Our findings suggest similar prevalence and isolates in Iraq as reported by others.


Key-words: Plasmodium, Pigeons, Prevalence.