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Online Journal of Veterinary Research©
Volume 23 (8):846-851, 2019.
Effect of date (Phoenix dactylifera) seed supplement on muscle lipid
peroxidation and performance in Ross 308 broiler chicks.
Hisham S Jassim, Mayada F Mohammed.
Department of Public Health, Veterinary College, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq.
Jassim HS, Mohammed MF., Effect of date (Phoenix dactylifera) seed supplement on muscle lipid peroxidation and performance in Ross 308 broiler chicks, Onl J Vet Res., 23 (9):846-851, 2019. Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) seeds are a waste product that could be a diet supplement for broilers. Seeds comprise 12-15% of date’s weight. We report effect of 4, 8 and 12% crushed seed supplement on groups of 1 to 35 day old Ross 308 broiler chick body weight, weight gain, feed intake and conversion ratio compared with basal diet controls. Chicks were fed starter diet at 1-18 days, grower at 18-28 days and finishing diets at 28-35 days of age. At slaughter, breast and thigh muscle were stored at -18C and assessed at day 10 and 20 for lipid peroxidation by Thiobarbituric acid test. We found differences (P<0.05) in mean live body weight, gain, feed intake and fed conversion of chicks between controls and those supplemented 4% date pits after 2 weeks. At storage at -18C, 12% supplement may have inhibited lipid peroxidation in meat samples at 10 and 20 days.
Keywords: Date seed supplement, Ross broilers, performance.
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