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Online Journal of Veterinary Research©
Volume 23 (12):1179-1183, 2019.
Prevalence and epidemiology of canine parvo viral infection in Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, India.
Varadharajan A1, Gnanasekar R2, Kothandaraman S3 and Sivasakthivelan P4
123Division of Animal Husbandry, 4 Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Agriculture, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar - 608002, Tamil Nadu, India.
Varadharajan A, Gnanasekar R, Kothandaraman S, Sivasakthivelan P., Prevalence and epidemiology of canine parvo viral infection in Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, India, Onl J Vet Res., 23 (12):1179-1183, 2019. Prevalence of parvovirus infection (CPV) in Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, India, remains unknown. Feces were collected from 240 dogs suspected of parvovirus infection (CPV) from November 2017 to October 2018 screened by HA, HI tests and Scan VetTM PARVO kit. We found 82 with CPV or prevalence of 34%. These 82 dogs had characteristic symptoms considered as clinical cases of CPV. Of these, 44% were mixed breed and 28% Labrador Retrievers (P < 0.01), 41% 0-3 months and 9% older than 1 year (NS). We found 38% incidence in males and 26% in females (P < 0.01) and during the rainy season 55% and 18% in Summer (NS). We found no significant difference between incidence in those vaccinated (22%) or not vaccinated (36%) dogs, suggesting poor vaccination and/or management.
Key words: Dogs, Prevalence, Chidambaram, Canine parvo viral infection.