2020-2032 All Rights Reserved. Online Journal of Veterinary Research . You may not store these pages in any form except for your own personal use. All other usage or distribution is illegal under international copyright treaties. Permission to use any of these pages in any other way besides the before mentioned must be gained in writing from the publisher. This article is exclusively copyrighted in its entirety to OJVR. This article may be copied once but may not be, reproduced or re-transmitted without the express permission of the editors. This journal satisfies the refereeing requirements (DEST) for the Higher Education Research Data Collection (Australia). Linking:To link to this page or any pages linking to this page you must link directly to this page only here rather than put up your own page.


Online Journal of Veterinary Research


Volume Volume 24(9): 548-553, 2020.

Seasonal changes in hospital drainage water quality, contaminants and parasitosis in patients and staff.

Teba Noori Mohammed Al- Jibouri, Thaer Abdulqader Salih, Kamal Barazan Nada.




Mohammed Al-Jibouri TN, Salhi TA, Nada KB., Seasonal changes in hospital drainage water quality, contaminants and parasitosis in patients and staff, Onl J Vet Res., Volume 24(9): 548-553, 2020.. We report seasonal changes in Yarmouk Educational Hospital, Iraq, drainage water quality, contaminants and effects on hematology and parasitosis in 50 hospitalized patients and 50 healthy staff from February (Winter) to July (Summer). Water drainage temperature increased 13C in winter to 37C in summer with increases (P < 0.05) in iron 81%, copper 76% and zinc ~90% content. Entamoeba, Giardia, Cryptosporidium, Balantidium, Trichomonas and Ascaris spp prevailed in drainage, and numbers correlated with iron, zinc and copper levels. We found Giardia lamblia in ~20% patient feces. We compared hematology and blood lipids in hospitalized patients with normal healthy staff and found increased (P < 0.05) white cells (~44%) mostly consisting of neutrophils (~63%), monocytes (~40%) and basophils (~27%) in patients Platelets in patients were ~21% higher but other hematological values were not significantly different. Our results suggest that blood cholesterol blood levels were ~11%, triglicerides 23% and high density lipoproteins ~23% higher in patients. Results suggest that Giardia possibly from contaminated water may affect blood values in hospitalized patients.


Key words: Hospital, drainage, parasites, hematology, patients, healthy staff. Raw data provided.