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OJVRTM

Online Journal of Veterinary Research

Volume 24 (5):294-300, 2020.


Effect of age on mortality and causation in 6330 crossbred pigs in a production farm over 10 years.

 

S.K. Mondal1, U. K De2, G.K. Das3, A.M. Powde4 and A.K. Verma1

 

1Swine Production Farm, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar-243122 (UP) 2Division of Medicine, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar-243122 (UP) 3Division of Animal Reproduction, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar-243122 (UP) 4Division of Surgery, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar-243122 (UP)

 

ABSTRACT

 

Mondal SK, De UK, Das GK, Powde AM, Verma AK., Mortality patterns and causation in 6330 crossbred pigs in a production farm over 10 years, Onl J Vet Res., 24 (5):294-300, 2020. We report effect of age and causes of mortality in a cohort of 6330 crossbred pigs reared in an experimental production farm under Indian tropical climatic conditions over 10 years. We found overall mortality of 12.18% with average pre-weaning death 23.16%. Highest mortality of 21.69% occurred in 0-15 day old piglets but only 1.28% in pigs aged 30-45 days. In post-weaners aged 46-240 days, death was 3.9% and in adults >240 days, 2.60%. Mortality was associated with digestive (2.81%) hypoglycemic (2.35%), miscellaneous (1.99 %), trauma (1.15 %) and respiratory disorders (0.99 %). Our findings suggest scope for careful monitoring of pre-weaners especially in those aged 0-15 days.

Key words: Age, Cause, Crossbred pigs, Mortality pattern.


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