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Online Journal of Veterinary Research©
(Including Medical and Laboratory Research)
Volume 22 (12):1145-1151, 2018.
Demographics affecting cutaneous Leishmaniosis in Iraq.
1Mariam Abd Athab Husein, 2Sabah Ibrahim Hammadi, 3Abdullah Salih Al-Hasan
College(s) of 1Education for women, 2Pure science and 3Medicine, University of Anbar, Iraq.
Athab Husein MA, Hammadi SI, Al-Hasan AS., Demographics affecting cutaneous Leishmaniosis in Iraq, Onl J Vet Res., 22 (12):1145-1151, 2018. Authors describe demographics affecting cutaneous leishmaniosis in 221 infected male and 219 female subjects in schools and refugee camps in Anbar, Iraq. Biopsies were taken from pustules/papules for Leishmania amastigotes and culturing in Nicoll Novey and Mc Neal Medium (NNN). Clinically all 440 patients were diagnosed positive but by smear test of 300 subjects, only 180 were positive. In media only 15 (of 300 tested) were positive. Persons aged <10 to 20 years accounted for ~68% of infections with ~73% detected during Autumn and higher incidence (43%) in refugee camps compared with city dwellers (21%). Most lesions (~60%) were observed on the face and upper limbs with few on the trunk (2.05%). We found leishmaniosis more prevalent in families that had not been infected (~76%) compared with those that had (~24%).
Keywords : Cutaneous Leishmaniosis, age, school, refugee camp, Iraq.