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Online Journal of Veterinary Research©
Volume 24(7): 428-433, 2020.
Physico-chemical and antioxidant properties of honey from different locations.
Abolfazl Kamkar, Fatemeh Gheitanchi, Hessameddin Akbarein, Atiqullah Miakhil.
Department of Food Hygiene and Quality Control, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Kamkar A, Gheitanchi F, Akbarein H, Miakhil A., Physicochemical and antioxidant properties of honey from different locations, Onl J Vet Res., 24(7): 428-433, 2020. Physico-chemical properties and antioxidant levels in honey depend on bee flower suckling from different locations. We report moisture content, pH, acidity, ash, sugars, sucrose, phenols and antioxidants in honey collected from Fars, Esfahan, Tehran, Azarbaijan and Ardabil, Iran. pH ranged 4.08-4.46, acidity 7.5-20 mEq/kg, moisture 14.6-19.2%, ash 0.11-0.6%, = hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) 4.34-19.31 mg/kg, reduced sugars 67.07-89.55%, sucrose 1.37-5.09%, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazy (DPPH) 30.89-77.52% and phenols 11.9-52.18 mg/100g. We found significant differences (P < 0.05) in pH, acidity, moisture, ash, HMF, reduced sugar, DPPH and phenolic content between different regions of producing honey but not with sucrose. Our results are consistent with previous findings and CODEX standards.
Keywords: Honey, physicochemical properties, Antioxidant activity, Location.