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Online Journal of Veterinary Research©
(Including Medical and Laboratory Research)
25 (10):740-748, 2021.
Prevalence, age, gender and seasonal effects on fecal helminth eggs in ruminants in Egypt.
Mosaab A Omara, Ibrahim Ac, Elsayed Ad, Elseify Mb
Department(s) aVeterinary Parasitology, cPoultry diseases, dAnimal medicine, Faculty of Veterinary medicine, South-Valley University, Qena, bParasitology, Faculty of veterinary medicine, Kafr-Elsheikh University, Egypt.
Omar MA, Ibrahim A, Elsayed A, Elseify M., Prevalence, gender and seasonal effects on fecal helminth eggs in ruminants in Egypt, Onl J Vet Res., 25 (10):740-748, 2021. Feces from 171 cattle, 128 buffaloes, and 143 sheep in Egypt were subjected to flotation and sedimentation for nematode, cestode and trematode eggs. Infestations were greater in sheep and least in buffalo. In cattle prevalence was 47, buffalo 32 and sheep 50%. Most (P < 0.05) infestations occurred in Spring and Summer but in sheep Spring and Autumn. We found more infestations in older ruminants. Most eggs were Trichostrongyles and least Fasciola, Dictyocallus filaria and Trichuris. Seasonal trends may be due to reduction in resistance during cooler dry seasons and heat favors infective stages.
Key Words: Helminths, eggs, ruminants, Egypt.