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Online Journal of Veterinary Research©
Volume 24 (1):43-47, 2020.
..Reference heat shock protein and serum biochemistry in 2-humped camels (Camelus bactrianus).
Saeed Nazifi, Mina Afsar, Mahsa Khosravi, Mojtaba Rahsepar, Seyed Mohammad Bagher Hosseini.
Department of Clinical Studies, School of Veterinary Medicine, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
Nazifi S, Afsar M, Khosravi M, Rahsepar M, Bagher Hosseini SM., Reference heat shock protein and serum biochemistry in camels (Camelus bactrianus), Onl J Vet Res., 24 (1):43-47, 2020. We report reference serum heat shock protein (HSP) and biochemistry in 18 male and 8 female Bactrian normal camels. Camels were aged 2 to 11 years of which 8 were 2-4 years old and nine 5-8 or 9-11 years. Serum HSP was measured by a quantitative sandwich enzyme immunoassay and biochemistry by standard auto-analyzer. In males, mean HSP90 was ~15, HSP40 ~3, HSP70 ~24 and HSP 30 2.2ng/ml and females ~16, 3.6, 19 and 2.4ng/ml, respectively. In 2-4 year olds 14.6, 2.8, 20.2 and 2.2ng/ml, 5 to 8 years, 15.2, 3.3, 27.4 and 2.1ng/ml and 9-11 years, 15.4, 3.5, 19.2 and 2.5ng/ml, respectively. In males and females serum glucose was 70.8 and 65.3, urea 63.7-42.6 creatinine 1.28-1.76 triglyceride 26.4-29.9, cholesterol 44.1-38.8, high density lipoprotein 9.5-10.9, low density 32.7-24.8 mg/dl, protein 6.2 and 5.9 , albumin 4.8-4.6, globulin 1.4-1.27 g/dl, AST 40.3-39.5 and ALT 39.4 and 38.8 U/L, Na 128.7-134.5, K 6.7-7.6 mmol/L, Ca 11.5-12.0, P 8.3-6.5, Mg 2.7-2.5 mg/dl and Fe 70.6 and 58.7µg/dl. We found correlations (P < 0.01 to 0.05) between HSP90 and glucose, LDL, phosphorus, total protein, iron and cholesterol, HSP40 and glucose, calcium and AST and HSP70 and glucose, urea and cholesterol; HSP30 and glucose, calcium, albumin and magnesium. There were no significant differences in the concentration of heat shock proteins (HSP 90, HSP 40, HSP70, and HSP 30) between gender or age. However, we found higher (P < 0.05) creatinine (~28%) and sodium (~5%) in females, and higher (P < 0.01) urea (47%), albumin (15%), and magnesium (19%) in young camels.
Key words Heat shock proteins, Serum biochemical parameters, Bactrian camels.