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Online Journal of Veterinary Research


Volume 25 (3): 214-225, 2021.

Effect of 2, 3 and 4 times daily feeding (1% body weight) on goat growth and carcass.


Mubeen Akhter DVM1, Atique Ahmed Behan PhD1,*, Muhammad Naeem Rajput PhD1, Ubedullah Kaka PhD2, Shakeel Ahmed Tunio MSc1,

Huma Rizwana PhD1, Habibullah Janyaro PhD3 and Waseem Abbas DVM4


1Department of Livestock Management, 4Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Sciences, Sindh Agriculture University Tando Jam, Pakistan. 2Department of Companion Animal Medicine and Surgery, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang Selangor, Malaysia. 3Department of Veterinary Surgery and Obstetrics, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Sakrand, Pakistan. Correspondence: atiquebehan@sau.edu.pk




Akhter M, Behan AA, Rajput MN, Kaka U, Tunio SA, Rizwana H, Janyaro H, Abbas W., Effect of 2, 3 and 4 times daily feeding (1% body weight) on goat growth and carcass, Onl J Vet Res., 25 (3): 214-225, 2021. We report effect of feeding frequencies on growth performance of goat kids. Three groups of 6 male goat kids each were given green grass ad libitum equally with concentrate twice at 8 am and 8 pm, 3 times at 8 am, 2 pm and 8 pm and 4 times at 8 am, 1 pm, 5 pm and 8 pm all diets equivalent to 1% body weight, daily for 90 days. Compared (P <0.05-0.0001) with kids fed twice daily, in those feed 4 times, live weights were ~17 -20% higher, daily weight gains 46-53%, body length ~12%, heart girth 9%, dressing ~7%, shoulder and breast cuts 17-20%, and drip 42% and cooking losses ~13%. Similar but less significant results were found with those fed 3 times daily. We found no differences with wither heights, chest depth, pre slaughter weight, carcass weights or non-carcass components. Our results suggest that compared with kids fed twice daily, feeding 4 times may boost weight, body size and some primal meat cuts weight.


Keywords: feeding frequency, goat, growth, carcass, meat quality.