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Online Journal of Veterinary Research©
Volume 22 (7):629-637, 2018.
Effect of Emblica officinalis (Imipenem) and standard antibiotics on growth of resistant bacteria.
Ban N. Nadhom, Waffa A. Ahmed, Narjes A. Abdulrazaq.
College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Baghdad, Iraq.
Ban N. Nadhom, Waffa A. Ahmed, Narjes A. Abdulrazaq., Effect of Emblica officinalis and standard antibiotics on growth of resistant bacteria., Onl J Vet Res., 22 (7):629-637, 2018. Emblica officinalis (Alma) phenolic extract was subjected to phytochemical analysis by chromatography detecting ellagic, gallic, chebulinic, chebulagic acids, kaempferol, quericitin and emblicanins. Then, effect of the extract and standard antibiotics on growth of resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Proteus spp., Escherichia coli and Bacillus spp. by disk diffusion was performed. For Emblica officinalis, 10 to 100mg/ml inhibition zones for S. aureus ranged 16±0.57 to 33.3±0.3mm, Bacillus spp. 11.3±0.6 to 28±0.06mm, Escherichia coli 10.6±1.2 to 22.6±1.2mm and Proteus spp. 8.2±0.1 to 20.3±0.57mm, respectively. We found E. coli resistant to ampicillin or trimethoprim but susceptible to imipenem, Proteus vulgaris resistant to clindamycin, erythromycin, vancomycin, cefotaxime and trimethoprim, Staphylococcus aureus resistant to cefotaxime, streptomycin, trimethoprim but susceptible to clindamycin and vancomycin and Bacillus Spp. resistant to streptomycin, trimethoprim and ampicillin but susceptible to imipenem, clindamycin and erythromycin.
Key words: Emblica officinalis, phytochemical, antibacterial action, E. coli, P.vulgaris, S. aureus, B. spp.