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Online Journal of Veterinary Research©
Volume 24 (6):383-389, 2020.
Antimicrobial activity of Cichorium intybus, Dorema aucheri and Prangos ferulacea extracts on food borne pathogens.
Hamid Reza Gheisari1*, Hassan Habibi2, Azadeh Khadem3, Sima Anbari3, Aman Allah Khadem4
1,3Food Hygiene Department, School of Veterinary Medicine, Shiraz University, Shiraz, 2Animal ScienceDepartment, College of Agriculture, Persian Gulf University, Bushehr, 4Yasuj Food and Drug Laboratory, Iran.
Gheisari HR, Habibi H, Khadem A, Anbari S, Khadem AA., Antimicrobial activity of Cichorium intybus, Dorema aucheri and Prangos ferulacea extracts on food borne pathogens, Onl J Vet Res., 24 (6):383-389, 2020. Antimicrobial activity of Cichorium intybus, Dorema aucheri and Prangos ferulacea on food born pathogens is described. Antimicrobial activity was assessed by agar diffusion and microtiter broth dilution method against Staph aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus cereus, Listeria monocytogenes, Escherichia coli, Citrobacter freundii, Salmonella enteritidis, Enterococcus aeroguns and Klebsiella pneumoniae. Zones of inhibition varied from 5 to 16 mm. Salmonella enteritidis and Citrobacter freundii were most sensitive to all extracts. Dorema aucheri and Prangos ferulacea were more inhibitory than Cichorium intybus for Salmonella enteritidis and Enterococcus aerogenes whereas Cichorium intybus and Prangos ferulacea exhibited greater activity than Dorema aucheri for E. coli, Staph. aureus and Listeria monocytogenes. Cichorium intybus and Prangos ferulacea were more effective than Dorema aucheri against Klebsiella pneumonia. Cichorium intybus showed most inhibition against Bacillus subtilis.
Key Words: Cichorium intybus, Dorema aucheri, Prangos ferulacea, Antimicrobial activities, Food borne pathogens.