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Online Journal of Veterinary Research©
(Including Medical and Laboratory Research)
Volume 26 (2):148-156, 2022.
Prevalence of dermatophilosis in sedentary and nomadic cattle in Sudan
Musa S. Musa (BVSc, MSc) 1 and Mohamed E. Hamid (BVSc, MSc, PhD) 2,*
1Department of Clinical Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Nyala, Nyala, P.O. Box.155, Sudan and 2 Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Khartoum, PO Box 32, Khartoum North, Sudan College of Medicine, King Khalid University PO Box 641 Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Musa MS, Hamid ME., Prevalence of dermatophilosis in sedentary and nomadic cattle in Sudan, Onl J Vet Res., 26 (2):148-156, 2022. Bovine dermatophilosis (streptothricosis) is a severe skin infection of ruminants in the tropics caused by Dermatophilus congolensis. We report prevalence in sedentary and nomadic herds in 9409 cattle in Darfur, Sudan. Clinical, bacteriological and tick infestation data was compared with history from stockowners, incidence and mortality. We found overall prevalence of 4.1% and mortality 1.1% but was higher (P < 0.02) in sedentary cattle (7.82%) compared with nomadic ones (3.04%). We associate this with heavy persistent tick infestation in sedentary cattle. Adult females were found to be more (P < 0.05) susceptible (3.7%) than adult males (2.14%) or calves (2.04%).
Keywords: Bovine dermatophilosis, Sudan, epidemiology, Dermatophilus congolensis.