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Online Journal of Veterinary Research©
Volume 24 (5):301-305, 2020.
Effect of Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) supplement on histology of duodenum in Ross Broilers.
Ammar Hussein Areaer1, Zeaid Amad H Zeny2, Ali Abdul Razak Al-Saeegh3, Aqeel Yousif Al-Shukri1
1,2,4Department of Animal Production, College of Agriculture. University of Kufa, 3College of Medical Techniques, Al-Kafel University, Iraq.
Areaer AH, Zeny ZA, Razak Al-Saeegh AA, Al-Shukr AY., Effect of Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) on histology of duodenum in Ross Broilers, Onl J Vet Res., 24 (5):306-312, 2020. Eichhornia crassipes, water hyacinth, is an aquatic plant native to the Amazon basin often a highly invasive species outside its native range. In a randomized completely block design study, four groups of 60 day old Ross 309 broilers each were fed basal diet of 10, 7.5, 5 and 2.5% wheat with 2.5, 5.0, 7.5 or 10.0% hyacinth powder respectively, daily for 5 weeks. Controls were fed basal diet. By 5 weeks, birds were sacrificed for histology of duodenum. Compared with controls, in broilers given 2.5% hyacinth we found shortened villi and hypertrophy mucosa but in those given 5-10% hyacinth villi appeared elongated with mucosal degeneration, necrotic submucosae, hypertrophy of mucosal glands and/or edema. Our findings suggest that 5-10% hyacinth supplement given daily for 35 days could induce severe mucosal duodenal damage in Ross broilers.
Key words: Hyacinth, toxicity, duodenum, broilers.