2023-2035 All Rights Reserved. Online Journal of Veterinary Research . You may not store these pages in any form except for your own personal use. All other usage or distribution is illegal under international copyright treaties. Permission to use any of these pages in any other way besides the  before mentioned must be gained in writing from the publisher. This article is exclusively copyrighted in its entirety to OJVR.This article may be copied once but may not be, reproduced or  re-transmitted without the express permission of the editors. This journal satisfies the refereeing requirements (DEST) for the Higher Education Research Data Collection (Australia). Linking:To link to this page or any pages linking to this page you must link directly to this page only here rather than put up your own page.


 OJVRTM

Online Journal of Veterinary Research  

(Including Medical and Laboratory Research)

Established 1994

ISSN 1328-925X

 

Volume 28 (1): 50-55, 2024.


Bacterial contamination in medication vials in dairy and poultry farms in Sudan.

 

Hytham EY Omer, Elhassan MA Saed.

 

1Ministry of Animal Resources and Fisheries, 2Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Khartoum, Sudan.

 

ABSTRACT

 

Omer H, Saed E., Bacterial contamination in medication vials in dairy and poultry farms in Sudan, Onl J Vet Res., 28 (1): 50-66, 2024. Prevalence of aerobic bacteria in multiple-dose veterinary medication vials from 99 of 14 injectable and non-injectable drugs from 13 dairy and 5 poultry farms were investigated. Of 66 parenteral and 33 non-parenteral open multiple-dose preparations, 36 were by 41 isolates, with 2 isolates obtained from each of 5 samples. 24% parenteral samples were contaminated whereas 60% non-parenteral samples were. Of the 9 isolates, 7 were Gram-positive with Pseudomonas aeruginosa (10%), Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus cereus (8%), Micrococcus luteus, Micrococcus varians, Neisseria mucosa, Staphylococcus haemolyticus, Staphylococcus auricularis and Staphylococcus epidermidis (1-5%). B. cereus, P. aeruginosa and S. aureus were isolated from both dairy and poultry farms and from parenteral and non-parenteral preparations with similar prevalence. Level of contamination and hygiene were associated but difference was found between poultry and dairy farms.

 

Key words: Bacterial contamination, multiple-dose veterinary medication vials, dairy, poultry farms.


MAIN

 

FULL-TEXT (SUBSCRIBE OR PURCHASE TITLE)