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Online Journal of Veterinary Research©
Volume 23 (7):724-732, 2019.
Epidemiology of caprine tuberculosis in Ethiopia
Ketema Tafess1, Gobena Ameni2, Fufa Dawo3* and Teshale Sori1
1Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Addis Ababa University, P O Box 34, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia, 2Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, P O Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 3AdamiTullu Agricultural Research Center, Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, P O Box 35, Baatu (Zeway), Ethiopia
Tafess K, Ameni G, Dawo F, Sori T, Epidemiology of caprine tuberculosis in Ethiopia, Onl J Vet Res., 23 (7):724-732, 2019. A cross sectional study of caprine tuberculosis was conducted on 626 goats at Adami Tulu Agricultural Research Center and smallholder farmers (Ethiopia). Single intradermal tuberculin test, post mortem examination of suspect goats and bacteriological culture was done to confirm tuberculosis. Taking the cut off value at 3.5 millimeters (mm), there was significant difference (p<0.005) in prevalence of caprine tuberculosis between Adami Tulu Agricultural Research Center, and households around Adami Tulu town (3.14% and 10.2%, respectively). Prevalence was not affected by sex, age or flock size (p>0.05). We found that goats reared in small farms were 9.36 more likely to acquire mycobacterial infection than those in the station. Gross tuberculous lesions were detected in 2 of 8 tuberculin positive goats then slaughtered for tubercles and culture of Mycobacteria. We report incidence of tuberculosis in goats in Adami Tulu Ethiopa. WE find that further study is required to isolate mycobacterial species and strains which infect goats and human where raw milk is consumed
Key words: Caprine tuberculosis, Goats, Prevalence, Tuberculin test, Post mortem lesion.