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OJVRTM

Online Journal of Veterinary Research

 

Volume 26 (5): 331-343, 2022


Prevalence and genera of camel ticks in eastern Ethiopia.

 

Ayele Taddese, Mohammed Mustefa and Abraham Fikru.

 

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Gondar, Ethiopia.

 

ABSTRACT

 

Taddese A, Mustefa M, Fikru A., Prevalence and genera of camel ticks in eastern Ethiopia, Onl J Vet Res., 26 (5): 331-343, 2022. We report prevalence and types of ticks on 384 camels located in eastern Ethiopia. Visible adult tick specimens were collected from seven sites on each camel. We found 361(94%) to be infested by ticks and of 11774 adult ticks we identified 4 genera by stereo microscopy. These included Rhipicephalus, Hyalomma, Ambylomma and Boophilus. The most abundant tick species was Rhipicephalus pulchellus (46.78%), followed by Hyalomma dromedarii (26.85%), Ambylomma gemma (11.35%), Hyalomma trancatum (7.19%), Hyalomma marginatum rufippes (3.95%), Ambylomma variegatum (2.59%) and Boophilus decoloratus (1.24%). The highest infestation level of ticks was observed under tail (27.62%) and lowest (1.24%) on back or sides. We found 148 (90.2%) in males and 213 (96.8%) in female which were significantly (p<0.05) different. animals. We found no effect of age or body condition on infestations.

 

Key words:-Camels, Ethiopia, ticks, prevalence, genera.