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Online Journal of Veterinary Research©
(Including Medical and Laboratory Research)
Volume 27 (6): 367-371, 2023.
Prevalence of bluetongue in sheep and goats in Iran
Majid Ezatkhah1 (DVM), Mehrdad Shamsaddini Bafti1 (DVM, PhD), Mojtaba Alimolaei1, 2* (DVM), Maryam Amini1 (DVM)
1Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, 2Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Iran
Ezatkhah M, Bafti MS, Alimolaei M, Amini M., Prevalence of bluetongue in sheep and goats in Iran, Onl J Vet Res., 27 (6): 367-371, 2023. Blood was taken for bluetongue virus antibody by c-ELISA from 156 sheep and 696 goats located in Kerman, Sistan-Baluchestan and Hormozgan, Iran between January and May on GIS data. We found overall prevalence of ~85% (95% CI: 82.20- 87.05) with ~48% in sheep (95% CI: 37.50-60.00) and ~93% (95% CI: 90.70- 94.70) in goats (P < 0.05), higher in older animals and females (~86%) compared with males (~77%) (P < 0.001). Factors inducing high prevalence are animals in close proximity boosting vector transmission and age, with time of exposure. However, prevalence decreased with age in sheep herds (P<0.05) but increased in goats (P < 0.05). Our findings suggest bluetongue virus is widespread in Iran.
Key words: Bluetongue; c-ELISA; Seroprevalence; Small Ruminants; Southeast Iran.