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Online Journal of Veterinary Research

 Volume 21(11):756-761, 2017.


An abattoir survey of ewe genital defects in Baghdad, Iraq


Zainab Anmar Orkhan DVM, Ashraf Raad Abd Al-Ameer, DVM, Najlaa Sami Ibrahim PhD and Nazih Wayes Zaid PhD.


Department of Surgery and Obstetrics, College of Veterinary Medicine/University of Baghdad, Iraq

Corresponding authors: E-mail:




Orkhan ZA, Abd Al-Ameer AR, Ibrahim NS, Zaid NW., An abattoir survey of ewe genital defects in Baghdad, Iraq., Onl J Vet Res., 21(11):756-761, 2017. We provide updated data on reproductive status of ewes recorded from abbatoirs in Baghdad, Iraq. Genitalia of 216 ewes were collected for 1 year. We found 25% grossly normal and 75% abnormal with 38.9% in ovary, 13.9% oviduct or uterus, and 2.8% in cervix, vagina and/or vulva. In ovaries, we found follicular cysts and ovarobursal adhesions in 8.3%, and para-ovarian cysts or inactive ovaries in 5.6%. Uterus with pyometra occurred in 13.9%. We recorded highest incidence with pyometra 13.9% and 11.1% with oviductal adhesions. Oviduct permeability test revealed obstruction in 13.9%. A full 58.3% of slaughtered ewes were pregnant with a fetal age of 4 months or less as determined by crown-rump length measurements. The left ovary was more active in pregnant ewes with trans-uterine migration into the right horn. We describe defects of temporary infertility which could have been detected before slaughter for culling and/or treatment. The percentage of slaughtered pregnant ewes incur great economic losses.


Keywords: abattoir, ewe, genital, defects, Baghdad.